Mariana de Aragão Pereira1; Roberto Giolo de Almeida 1; Valdemir Antonio Laura 1; Fernando Paim Costa 1; Fabiana Villa Alves 1

1Researchers at Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa Gado de Corte).



This study analyses the economic viability of Carbon Neutral Brazilian Beef (CNBB), proposed by EMBRAPA, as an alternative for sustainable intensification of beef farming in Brazil. A 12-year cash flow was built for two integrated crop-livestock-forestry systems (ICLF) in the Cerrado region, following the guidelines of CNBB protocol. Both included soybean and cattle, but ICLF1 had 227 eucalyptus trees/ha while ICLF2 had 357 eucalyptus trees/ha. Investment analysis showed both systems were economically viable, with ICLF1, with less trees, performing better than ICLF2. Two scenarios under CNBB protocol, considering premium beef prices and costs assumed either by farmers or by the meat processing companies, indicate CNBB can add value to beef production and generate additional income, while contributing to the environment and to animal welfare. Further analyses must follow, to set the guidelines for additional development of the CNBB market.


Graduated in Animal Science in 1999 and completed her master’s degree in Applied Economics in 2001 both at Viçosa Federal University/ Brazil. In 2011, she completed a PhD on Agricultural Management at Lincoln University, New Zealand. She is a researcher “A” from the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation – EMBRAPA since 2001, initially working at the Strategic Management Secretary (SGE) and, from 2004, working at Embvrapa Beef Cattle research unit. She worked as a research assistent at the Agribusiness and Economics Research Unit (AERU), Lincoln University from 2007 to 2008. She has experience on Rural Economics and Sociology and Farm Management, with emphasis on beef cattle systems and production costs, farm management, technology adoption, human resources management and production chain of bovine leather and meat. She is a member of the Internal Technical Committee of Embrapa Beef Cattle, is an ad hoc reviewer for several Brazilian and international journals and is a technical consultant for state funding agencies and Embrapa project submission systems.

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