Wildlife Management and Land-use Options in Loliondo Game Controlled Area Tanzania: Multi-criteria Analysis

Mr Gileard Minja1

1Unversity Of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia


There is a lack of consensus among local communities and governments concerning wildlife management as a viable form of land-use adjacent protected areas in Tanzania. Major concerning issues include poor community involvement in planning for wildlife management, a lack of well-defined property rights, and unequal benefit sharing between eco-tourism and trophy hunting. Using Multi-criteria Analysis (MCA), this study seeks to evaluate an appropriate policy intervention option in the management of trophy hunting in Loliondo Game Controlled Area (LGCA) in the northern part of Tanzania, taking into account economic, social, ecological and cultural factors. Four different land-use options were identified and agreed on by both stakeholders and experts. Furthermore, 12 criteria ranging from ecological, social, economic and cultural were used to evaluate the land-use options. Weighted summation technique was used to aggregate the scores in a definite software. After undertaking evaluation and sensitivity analysis findings revealed that Community Based Wildlife Management Area is an appropriate policy option that will benefit local communities, government and investors in a win-win situation at Loliondo Game Controlled Area.


Gileard Minja is a PhD student at the University of Adelaide in the Department of Geography, Environment and Population. Research interest includes decision making in natural resources  management

Biodiversity on the fringe: the importance of local land use planning in achieving effective biodiversity conservation outcomes

Ms Nikki den Exter1

1University Of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia


With clearing and habitat loss from urban and peri-urban development increasingly recognised as key drivers of declining biodiversity, effective biodiversity conservation relies upon the integration of biodiversity into local land use planning and development control frameworks. While planning systems vary across jurisdictions, common to all land use planning legislation in Australia is a commitment to the principles of ecologically sustainable development, including biodiversity conservation. Although conservation of biodiversity is increasingly accepted as a relevant consideration in land use planning, there are divergent views on whether biodiversity loss associated with urban and peri-urban development is significant or reasonable to control. Using a mixed-methods multiple-case study approach, this research: (i) identifies the variation in approaches to biodiversity conservation across local planning instruments in Tasmania; (ii) investigates the effectiveness of applying biodiversity provisions to urban and peri-urban development, including the role of offsets in achieving biodiversity outcomes; and (iii) examines the potential implications of the new mandated Tasmanian State Planning Planning provisions in addressing impacts on urban and peri-urban biodiversity. This research substantiates the importance of urban and peri-urban environments for biodiversity and the need for meaningful planning controls, including biodiversity offsets, to ensure this biodiversity is maintained.


Nikki den Exter has recently completed her PhD thesis investigating the role and relevance of land use planning in biodiversity conservation in Tasmania, under the supervision of Distinguished Professor Jamie Kirkpatrick and Dr Melinda McHenry. Nikki also works as an Environmental Planner with local government and has over 15 years’ experience in the fields of biodiversity conservation, natural resource management and land use planning. As both a practitioner and a researcher, Nikki offers a unique perspective on the importance of land use planning in contributing to biodiversity conservation.

Email Nicole.denExter@utas.edu.au

Sustainable development and its practice: an intersection case of large-scale mining and artisanal, small-scale mining operations in Gorontalo Province, Indonesia

Ms Bernadetta Devi1

1Queensland University Of Technology,


The discourse of mining and sustainable development has significantly evolved in the past three decades with the latest progress for the inclusion of societal development goals such as social and environmental sustainability.  This global progress however, has not necessarily translated into outcomes of mining sustainability at the local level in particular where large-scale mining operations intersect with artisanal, small-scale mining activities.  Research gaps exist in particular to understand the connection of sustainable development as a global concept and its translation into local practices.  Subsequently, this paper investigates how sustainable development is perceived by the network of actors involved in governing the intersections of these two mining models in Gorontalo Province, Indonesia.  Based on qualitative primary data, the paper argues that different rationalities, in the form of ideologies and competing agendas about mining projects have caused various interpretations and debates on the nexus of mining and sustainable development.  Such interpretations produce power struggles, alternative subjectivities and counter-conducts in governing these two mining models.


Bernadetta Devi is a PhD scholar within the School of Management, QUT Business School.  Her PhD research examines how the mining industry in Indonesia is governed in the context of sustainable development. Bernadetta holds a Master of Environmental Management and Development (Australian National University) and Master of Arts in International Development Studies (Chulalongkorn University).  Her research interests include governance for sustainable development, international development and the multi-scale perspective of resource management focusing in Southeast Asia.

Bernadetta can be contacted on email: bernadetta.devi@hdr.qut.edu.au

Regional Economic Diversification: Convergence and divergence regarding who benefits from the unconventional gas sector and at what cost

Prof. Fiona Haslam Mckenzie1, Prof Neil Argent2, Prof Sean  Markey3, Prof Greg Halseth4, Dr Laura Ryser5

1University Of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia,

2University of New England, Armidale, Australia,

3Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada,

4University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George , Canada,

5University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, Canada


The emergence and rapid growth of the unconventional gas industry in regional Queensland over the last 15 years has had significant impacts at multiple levels for regions and communities.  In the Surat Basin, where broadacre agriculture was the dominant industry, this new, emerging sector offered many potential opportunities for rural communities to diversify their business bases, labour force and local populations. There were high expectations of unconventional gas royalty investments flowing into local communities, bolstering regional resilience through local benefits from improved services and infrastructure, thus boosting regional economic development.

This paper will report on research undertaken to assess how and where resource royalties are distributed and for whose benefit.  An evolutionary economic geography framework was used to analyse in-depth interviews conducted with local businesses, community decision-makers and government representatives in the Surat Basin regarding their experiences and understanding of how the economic landscape transformed over a relatively short period.  This paper will present some of the findings concerning the varying conceptions of  sustainable regional development held by the unconventional gas industry and other stakeholders, showing how some did indeed converge, while others diverged, regarding their interpretations and experiences of the benefits of the resources industry.


Professor Fiona Haslam Mckenzie has a varied academic background, including a Ph.D. in political geography, researching the socio-economic impacts of the restructuring of the Australian agricultural industry. Her current focus is the socio-economic impact of the Australian staples economies.  Fiona has extensive experience in population and socio-economic change, mining and the oil and gas industries, housing, regional economic development and analysis of remote, regional and urban socio-economic indicators.  She was appointed as co-director of the Centre for Regional Development at the University of Western Australia in 2015.

In pursuit of sustainable development: Class differences and contested interpretations

Mr Jerome Jeffison Ofori1

1University Of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia


“Sustainable development means different things to ecologists, environmental planners, economists and environmental activists…Like ‘motherhood” and “God” sustainable development is invoked by different groups of people in support of various projects and goals, both abstract and concrete” (Redclift, 2015, p. 44). Yet very limited studies document how sustainable development is understood and practiced at the community level taking into account contextual socioeconomic and political differences. This paper responds to this limitation by revealing that in spite of the presentation of sustainable development as a technical and eco-scientific construct in academic and policy literature, sustainable development is essentially a social question  and very subjective. A nuanced analysis of interview data from mining communities shows the construction of sustainable development parallels social class stratification within the communities. It is evident from the study analysis that socioeconomic status has considerable influence on how sustainable development is construed in practice. Ensuring a just sustainability as outlined by Agyeman 2013 is thus contingent on understanding differences in how sustainable development is perceived by different people and responding appropriately.


Ofori Jerome Jeffison is a Ph.D. research student at the University of Adelaide. His research interests straddle around the extractive industries and community development in Africa.

Email: jerome.ofori@adelaide.edu.au

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