The Parameters of Cultural Appropriation

Dr David Wadley1, Dr Lester  Thompson2

1The University Of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

2Southern Cross University, Coolangatta, Australia

 

Why should cultural appropriation occur, and who gains and loses in the process? Appropriation has been variously regarded as a reaction to prior cultural colonialism, a consequence of the rise of social media, and a component of free-wheeling global markets. Our aim is to calibrate the concept, starting with definitions from academic and popular sources, expanded with recent examples of the contestation of culture. Ontological analysis commences by identifying the nomothetic and idiographic extremes, the universal and the micro-specific, which effectively bookend the practice. Next, we investigate appropriation involving goods, services, customs, accoutrement and intellectual property. We go on to explore dimensions which pertain to it, including voluntariness and involuntariness, information (a)symmetry, scale of application, and advantage and disadvantage among transactional agents. We widen this critical approach by enquiring whether appropriation is actually a form of relativism, which acts to challenge the precepts of procedural (scientific) rationality. Finally, drawing on the models of rational choice and Pareto improvement from economics, we adduce ethical criteria to determine situations in which cultural appropriation might be justified.


Biography:

David Wadley PhD MBA MEcon lecturers in economic geography and town planning at The University of Queensland. His research interests include urban modelling, labour dynamics and philosophical approaches to geography.

d.wadley@uq.edu.au

The Establishment of the Framework for Potential Evaluation to Culture-led Urban Development

Miss Yi-ya Hsu1, Dr. Hsien-hsin  Cheng1

1National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

 

After the 1980’s, many historical cities make efforts to challenge the plight of urban development, and also look forward to new strategies. Culture-led urban development is a kind of urban sustainable development strategy that divert and strengthen the developing context of the city, and its historical culture path dependence. Colonial culture, industrial culture, civic culture, and other related activities become the basic resources of these kind of development and the development potential of the strategy. The research tries to integrate culture indicators from different nations, then relate them to local data. Moving on, execute the stratified sampling. To set the investigate zone, do the cluster analysis with the original data in order to make the research area into some groups by neighborhood characteristics. This paper is written under the strategy of culture-led urban development, and indicate three varieties of developing goal, tourism, culture sustainable, and economical development. In addition, the evaluation is going to execute under different objects with the method, SMCE (Spatial Multi-Criteria Evaluation). Finally, analyzing the hotspot of the result and comparing with the current situation, so as to provide the characteristic zoning of overall strategy; therefore, to establish the framework for potential evaluation to culture-led urban development.


Biography:

I am a Master Student from urban planning and I have my Bachelor’s degree in Geography. I am trying to learn in both field. In my current research, I am interested in local culture resource and its relation to planning policy.

My email address: keziahsu@gmail.com

Rethinking the Transformation of State-owned Enterprises in North-east China in a globalized market

Miss Shuang Wu

 

This paper aims to take assemblage approach to describe the social-spatial formation of State-owned Enterprises (SOEs) in North-east (NE) China in contemporary globalized market. SOEs are industrial organizations owned by the state, which are of great significance in economic growth, social and political practices in China. They maintain dominant roles in NE region, the traditional industrial base, with large amounts and long histories. As China gradually opened to the global market since the launching of “Reform and Opening-up” policy, SOEs has encountered great challenges and experienced radical reforms. The contemporary globalized market not only starts a new epoch for SOE development but also indicates intense transformation for SOEs from all aspects. In this paper, assemblage thinking helps explain transformation of SOEs in NE through analyzing their changing social-spatial formation, in a relational, processual and affectual way. Employing a qualitative research method with grounded theory approach, this thesis investigates into the SOE social-spatial formation by workers’ discourses. Three concurrent processes in form of territorialization, deterritorialization and reterritorialization are exemplified in detail. Taking stability as the core expression, territorialization of SOE assemblage illustrates how SOEs stabilize their components and relations from past. Deterritorialization focuses on how stability is disrupted and transformed to the manifestation of mobility by the force of global market. Reterritorialization is shown as the restabilization of SOE assemblage in the global market from encounters between bodies and changes of relations. Above all, the assemblage approach to SOE transformation explores further about the potentials and possibilities of SOEs.


Biography:

Bio to come

‘Backstage’ responses to the Sydney Siege: a case-study of the sermons delivered in the mosques of Sydney

Dr Husnia Underabi1

1Western Sydney University, Kingswood , Australia

 

Sydney’s December 2014 Lindt Café siege resulted in the death of two hostages and the perpetrator of the terrorist attack. In February 2015, Prime Minister Tony Abbott argued Muslim leaders were not doing enough to tackle violent extremism. Muslim community representatives were outraged and puzzled with some indicating that they have done more than enough to condemn terrorism. The Prime Minister was implying what Muslims leaders said to the Australian public and media was not a reflection of what they say when they are speaking to an audience of Muslims.This paper analyses 13 mosque sermons delivered across 10 mosques in Sydney immediately after the 2014 Lindt Café siege. It shows that what was said in sermons was consistent with what was said by community leaders publicly – that the incident was condemned, considered to be un-Islamic, the perpetrator was mentally ill and his victims were innocent. Audiences were told that the consequence of killing innocent people is eternal damnation. Some sermons acknowledged that non-Muslims may be confused and have a negative view of Islam and members of the congregations were asked to reach out to non-Muslims and demonstrate through their actions that Islam is a religion of peace.


Biography:

Dr Husnia Underabi has completed a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) with a Diploma in Education at Macquarie University. In 2018, she received a Doctorate from Western Sydney University. The title of her thesis was Mosque Sermons and Audience Receptivity. Husnia is a  qualified high school teacher in the process of making a transition from a secondary to a tertiary educational institution.

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