Managing the Irrigation and Energy Nexus for achieving Sustainable Agriculture Growth: Experience from Odisha and West Bengal

Mr Amartya Pani1, Mr. Pulak Mishra2

1Indian Institute Of Technology Kharagpur , Kharagpur, India, 2Indian Institute Of Technology Kharagpur , Kharagpur, India


In late rapidly changing climatic conditions has become increasingly difficult to meet the growing demand for food on sustained basis.  So, there should be continuous efforts towards linking energy, water and food as an adaptation strategy to climate change and this requires efficient conservation, management and use of water resources with active participation of the farmers. Given this backdrop, the paper makes a review of development and management of irrigation systems to facilitate socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable growth of agriculture in the eastern Indian states of Odisha and West Bengal. The paper also examines the policy interventions and institutional arrangements that aim at bridging the gaps between the demand for and supply of water and energy, especially in inter-linked activities and how these interactions are shaped by environmental, economic, social and political changes. Further, potential impact of the strategies like autonomous irrigation departments, self-financing irrigation system, collection of water tax, participation of private sector, use of renewable energy in irrigation, energy metering, etc. are also explored in the paper. Finally, the paper provides a detailed framework for conceiving the water-energy-food nexus in relation to climate change and discusses the implications of the potential synergies for designing efficacious water policy.


Mr. Amartya Pani received Master’s in Geography and Environment Management from Vidyasagar University, India in 2012 with the specialization of Urban Geography and Regional Planning with first class. Mr. Pani is currently a senior doctoral research scholar under National scholarship funded by University Grants Commission, India in the department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India. He has worked on Irrigation Infrastructure, natural resource conservation and sustainable agriculture growth in West Bengal Furthermore, He received Early Carrier Scientist award in Science Forum 2018 by Tata- Cornell Institute and FAO, ISPC, CGIAR at Cape Town, South Africa.

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