Resilient Livable Cities: Smart Disaster Prevention Mechanisms for Older Adult Communities

Dr Wei-kuang Liu1, Ms Ya-Hsu Chiang1

1Landscape Architecture, Chung Yuan Christian University, Taoyuan, Taiwan


This paper explores current situation and future development possibilities of smart disaster prevention management for older adult communities in Taiwan. With the advent of an aged society in Taiwan, the life quality, health, and safety of older adults have gradually attracted attention from the public. However, older adult communities are at a disadvantage for taking disaster prevention actions. In disaster resilience and prevention planning, smart care for older adult communities is critical. This study used Taichung and Taoyuan, two cities in Taiwan, as examples. A GIS mapping was utilized to obtain the distribution of communities with a high aging index and high population density. Furthermore, communities with high flood potential were located. Interview results showed that very few communities had smart disaster management schemes. Most communities relied on their security patrol teams for disaster prevention. On the basis of our case discussion, we suggest that in the future, GIS mapping should continue to be used to analyze high risk communities with large older-adult populations. Such populations should be assisted in developing smart technology monitoring and forecasting systems. This bidirectional real-time report mechanism can then be adopted as components of disaster management strategies.


I received my PhD in Architecture at the University of Edinburgh in 2011. Then I worked at National Cheng Kung University as a postdoctoral fellow, and taught in the Architecture Department at Feng Chia University in Taiwan. Since I paid many attention to practices of landscape planning and urban design, I changed my career to teach in the Landscape Architecture Department at Chung Yuan Christian University from 2018. My research areas include cultural landscape, urban regeneration, urban resilience and participatory design. Recently I also have some studies regarding the issues of aged societies in Taiwan.

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