Sustainable development and its practice: an intersection case of large-scale mining and artisanal, small-scale mining operations in Gorontalo Province, Indonesia

Ms Bernadetta Devi1

1Queensland University Of Technology,


The discourse of mining and sustainable development has significantly evolved in the past three decades with the latest progress for the inclusion of societal development goals such as social and environmental sustainability.  This global progress however, has not necessarily translated into outcomes of mining sustainability at the local level in particular where large-scale mining operations intersect with artisanal, small-scale mining activities.  Research gaps exist in particular to understand the connection of sustainable development as a global concept and its translation into local practices.  Subsequently, this paper investigates how sustainable development is perceived by the network of actors involved in governing the intersections of these two mining models in Gorontalo Province, Indonesia.  Based on qualitative primary data, the paper argues that different rationalities, in the form of ideologies and competing agendas about mining projects have caused various interpretations and debates on the nexus of mining and sustainable development.  Such interpretations produce power struggles, alternative subjectivities and counter-conducts in governing these two mining models.


Bernadetta Devi is a PhD scholar within the School of Management, QUT Business School.  Her PhD research examines how the mining industry in Indonesia is governed in the context of sustainable development. Bernadetta holds a Master of Environmental Management and Development (Australian National University) and Master of Arts in International Development Studies (Chulalongkorn University).  Her research interests include governance for sustainable development, international development and the multi-scale perspective of resource management focusing in Southeast Asia.

Bernadetta can be contacted on email:

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